News

Dynex Capital, Inc. Reports Second Quarter 2019 Results

GLEN ALLEN, Va.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Dynex Capital, Inc. (NYSE: DX) reported its second quarter 2019 results today. As previously announced, the Company’s quarterly conference call to discuss these results is today at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time and may be accessed via telephone in the U.S. at 1-844-840-0844 (internationally at 1-647-253-8795) using conference ID 2166589 or by live webcast, which includes a slide presentation, under “Investor Center” on the Company’s website (www.dynexcapital.com).

Second Quarter 2019 and Other Recent Highlights

On June 20, 2019, the Company effected a 1-for-3 reverse stock split of its common stock whereby every three common shares issued and outstanding as of the close of market on that date were converted into one common share. All references to common shares and per common share amounts presented herein have been adjusted to reflect the effect of the reverse stock split for all periods presented.

  • Comprehensive loss of $(0.45) per common share and net loss of $(4.98) per common share versus comprehensive income of $1.37 per common share and net loss of $(2.42) per common share in the prior quarter
  • Core net operating income, a non-GAAP measure, of $0.43 per common share versus $0.53 per common share last quarter
  • Book value per common share of $17.68 at June 30, 2019 compared to $18.71 at March 31, 2019 and $18.07 at December 31, 2018 and is estimated to have recovered approximately 1% since quarter end as spreads have tightened and interest rate hedges have gained in fair value
  • Investment portfolio including TBA dollar roll positions increased to $6.1 billion at June 30, 2019 compared to $5.6 billion at March 31, 2019 due to net purchases of $0.9 million in primarily Agency RMBS and CMBS
  • Leverage including TBA dollar roll positions increased to 9.4x shareholders’ equity at June 30, 2019 compared to 8.5x at March 31, 2019
  • Net interest spread and adjusted net interest spread, a non-GAAP measure, of 0.76% and 1.03%, respectively, for the second quarter of 2019 compared to 0.84% and 1.19%, respectively, for the first quarter of 2019

Management’s Remarks

Mr. Byron L.Boston, President and Chief Executive Officer commented, “Last quarter we identified two headwinds to near-term earnings, namely the inverted yield curve that resulted in stubbornly higher financing costs and lower mortgage rates driving higher prepayment rates. We expect these headwinds to persist through the end of the year, and as a result, we anticipate reducing our monthly common dividend to $0.15 per share for August. Looking ahead, we have noted that inverted yield curves historically last 6 to 9 months. Today’s forward curve is pricing in a reversion to a steeper curve by mid-2020. This implies about a 100 basis point reduction in the U.S. Federal Funds rate, which should translate directly into lower financing costs for our portfolio. However, until the Federal Reserve actually reduces the Federal Funds rate several times, we expect elevated funding costs to persist.”

“Our macroeconomic opinion is that the current situation is temporary and that conditions will evolve such that our financing costs will be materially reduced in the future. We continue to manage our diversified portfolio for the long-term, while generating above average dividends for our shareholders,” Mr. Boston continued.

Mr. Boston added, “We remain optimistic about the long-term prospects for our business. Demographics and the need for private capital in the U.S. housing finance system are tailwinds, now enhanced by the potential for lower financing costs. In an environment where investors are faced with a growing number of fixed income assets offering negative or low yields globally, we believe that returns from high quality U.S. real estate assets, such as those in Dynex’s diversified portfolio, offer a compelling investment opportunity. ”

Second Quarter 2019 Earnings Summary

Comprehensive loss to common shareholders for the second quarter of 2019 of $(11.1) million consisted of a net loss to common shareholders of $(122.2) million and other comprehensive income of $111.1 million compared to comprehensive income to common shareholders for the first quarter of 2019 of $31.2 million, which consisted of a net loss to common shareholders of $(55.3) million and other comprehensive income of $86.5 million. The Company’s net loss to common shareholders for the second quarter of 2019 primarily consisted of:

  • net interest income of $12.9 million
  • net loss on derivative instruments of $(117.5) million
  • net loss on sale of investments, net of $(10.4) million
  • general and administrative expenses of $(4.3) million, and
  • preferred stock dividends of $(3.2) million.

Despite a larger investment portfolio, net interest income decreased $0.7 million during the second quarter of 2019 due primarily to additional premium amortization on fixed rate Agency RMBS resulting from an increase in prepayment speeds while favorable prepayment compensation on CMBS IO declined. Net loss on derivative instruments consisted primarily of a net loss on interest rate swaps of $(127.8) million as a result of further declines in swap rates for a third consecutive quarter which was partially offset by other comprehensive income of $111.1 million from the increase in fair value of MBS as interest rates declined during the second quarter of 2019.

Core net operating income to common shareholders, a non-GAAP measure, was $10.6 million, or $0.43 per common share, for the second quarter of 2019 versus $12.1 million, or $0.53 per common share, for the first quarter of 2019 primarily due to a decline in adjusted net interest income of $1.6 million compared to the first quarter. The decline in adjusted net interest income was due to elevated financing costs versus LIBOR which lowered the net periodic interest benefit from interest rate swaps. In addition, adjusted net interest income declined due to the increase in premium amortization mentioned above and lower TBA drop income as dollar roll carry was negatively impacted by higher prices for mortgage-backed securities and higher prepayment expectations. Please refer to “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below for additional important information about non-GAAP measures.

Book Value Per Common Share

Book value per common share decreased to $17.68 at June 30, 2019 from $18.71 at March 31, 2019. This decrease of $(1.03) per common share net of the second quarter dividend of $0.54 per common share resulted in a quarterly total economic loss on book value per common share of (2.6)%. The decrease in book value was driven by the decline in fair value of interest rate hedges, net of the increase in fair value of the Company’s MBS, due to lower interest rates during the quarter coupled with an increase in spreads on MBS. In particular, RMBS spreads widened versus related hedges largely on prepayment concerns but also due to certain technical factors such as the implementation of the Uniform Mortgage Backed Security by the GSEs.

Investments and Financing Details

Interest earning assets grew by approximately 13% compared to the first quarter due to net purchases of $0.9 million in primarily Agency RMBS and CMBS. The Agency RMBS purchases were predominantly 3.5% coupon to reduce exposure to prepayment risk. The Company financed these purchases using repurchase agreement borrowings, which increased leverage including TBA dollar roll positions to 9.4x shareholders’ equity compared to 8.5x at March 31, 2019.

The following table provides details on the performance of our investments and financing including interest rate hedges for the periods indicated:

   

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

June 30, 2019

 

March 31, 2019

($ in thousands)

 

Income/Expense

 

Average

Balance

 

Effective

Yield/Cost

of Funds

 

Income/Expense

 

Average

Balance

 

Effective

Yield/Cost

of Funds

Interest-earning assets:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agency RMBS-fixed rate

 

$

25,207

 

 

$

2,920,923

 

 

3.45

%

 

$

23,411

 

 

$

2,605,294

 

 

3.59

%

Agency CMBS-fixed rate

 

11,665

 

 

1,463,427

 

 

3.15

%

 

9,132

 

 

1,200,521

 

 

3.04

%

Agency RMBS-adjustable rate

 

249

 

 

28,593

 

 

3.71

%

 

223

 

 

31,497

 

 

3.38

%

CMBS IO (1)

 

4,886

 

 

492,314

 

 

3.78

%

 

6,395

 

 

517,868

 

 

4.04

%

Non-Agency MBS and other

investments

 

1,741

 

 

12,088

 

 

15.25

%

 

796

 

 

13,060

 

 

8.83

%

Total

 

$

43,748

 

 

$

4,917,345

 

 

3.43

%

 

$

39,957

 

 

$

4,368,240

 

 

3.51

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest-bearing liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchase agreements

 

$

30,788

 

 

$

4,562,993

 

 

2.67

%

 

$

26,414

 

 

$

3,931,335

 

 

2.69

%

Non-recourse collateralized

financing

 

25

 

 

3,167

 

 

2.98

%

 

27

 

 

3,397

 

 

3.31

%

De-designated cash flow

hedge accretion

 

 

 

n/a

 

%

 

(165

)

 

n/a

 

(0.02

)%

Total

 

$

30,813

 

 

$

4,566,160

 

 

2.67

%

 

$

26,276

 

 

$

3,934,732

 

 

2.67

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Net interest income/net interest

spread

 

$

12,935

 

 

 

 

0.76

%

 

$

13,681

 

 

 

 

0.84

%

Add: TBA drop income (2)

 

1,282

 

 

 

 

(0.04

)%

 

1,963

 

 

 

 

(0.03

)%

Add: net periodic interest

benefit (3)

 

3,553

 

 

 

 

0.31

%

 

3,897

 

 

 

 

0.40

%

Less: de-designated cash flow

hedge accretion

 

 

 

 

 

%

 

(165

)

 

 

 

(0.02

)%

Adjusted net interest

income/adjusted net interest spread (4)

 

$

17,770

 

 

 

 

1.03

%

 

$

19,376

 

 

 

 

1.19

%

   

(1) CMBS IO includes Agency and non-Agency securities.

(2) The impact of TBA drop income on adjusted net interest spread includes the implied average funding cost of TBA dollar roll transactions during the periods indicated.

(3) Amount represents net periodic interest benefit of effective interest rate swaps outstanding during the period and excludes realized and unrealized gains and losses from changes in fair value of derivatives.

(4) Represents a non-GAAP measure.

The Company’s net interest spread declined 8 basis points for the second quarter of 2019 compared to the first quarter of 2019 due primarily to declines in the effective yields on fixed-rate Agency RMBS and CMBS IO. Effective yield on Agency RMBS declined due to faster prepayments while effective yield on CMBS IO declined due to lower prepayment penalty compensation. Prepayments speeds on fixed-rate Agency RMBS were 9.4% versus 5.6% last quarter due to seasonal factors and the lower interest environment during the first half of 2019. Adjusted net interest spread declined 16 basis points due primarily to the aforementioned decline in asset yields and a lower net receive rate on interest rate swaps as a result of the decline in 3-month LIBOR over the quarter. In addition, higher prepayment expectations on Agency RMBS continued to impact pricing of TBA contracts, reducing TBA drop income and the net interest spread for TBA dollar roll transactions.

Hedging Summary

As interest rates rallied further during the second quarter of 2019, the Company modified its hedge position and lifted interest rate swaps with a notional balance of $2.9 billion at a weighted average pay-fixed rate of 2.70%. The Company subsequently added interest rate swaps with a notional balance of $1.5 billion at a weighted average pay-fixed rate of 2.17%.

The following table provides information related to the Company’s average borrowings outstanding and interest rate swaps effective for the periods indicated:

   

 

 

Three Months Ended

($ in thousands)

 

June 30, 2019

 

March 31, 2019

Average repurchase agreement borrowings outstanding

 

$

4,562,993

 

 

$

3,931,335

 

Average net TBAs outstanding – at cost (1)

 

579,353

 

 

722,264

 

Average borrowings and net TBAs outstanding

 

$

5,142,346

 

 

$

4,653,599

 

Average notional amount of interest rate swaps outstanding (excluding forward starting

swaps)

 

$

4,765,220

 

 

$

4,154,778

 

Ratio of average interest rate swaps to average borrowings and net TBAs outstanding (1)

 

0.9

 

0.9

 

 

 

 

 

Average interest rate swap pay-fixed rate (excluding forward starting swaps)

 

2.33

%

 

2.37

%

Average interest rate swap receive-floating rate

 

2.60

%

 

2.75

%

Average interest rate swap net receive rate

 

(0.27

)%

 

(0.38

)%

   

(1) Because the Company executes TBA dollar roll transactions, which economically represent the purchase and financing of fixed-rate Agency RMBS, the average TBAs outstanding are included in the ratio calculation.

The following table summarizes the weighted average notional amount and rate of interest rate swaps held as of June 30, 2019 (1):

   

($ in thousands)

 

Weighted Average

Notional

 

Weighted Average

Rate

Remainder of 2019

 

$

3,500,000

 

 

2.04

%

2020

 

2,926,503

 

 

2.10

%

2021

 

2,651,096

 

 

2.13

%

2022

 

2,332,699

 

 

2.18

%

2023

 

1,540,000

 

 

2.20

%

2024

 

1,466,503

 

 

2.20

%

2025

 

1,440,000

 

 

2.20

%

   

(1) Additional interest rate swaps outstanding from 2026-2047 had an average balance of $307.6 million at a weighted average pay-fixed rate of 2.23% as of June 30, 2019.

The Company also entered into an aggregate notional balance of $3.0 billion in Eurodollar futures late in the second quarter at a weighted average rate of 1.56% as additional hedges of its book value exposure if interest rates subsequently increase. The Eurodollar futures aggregate notional balance represents the total notional balance of 3-month contracts with maturities between 2020 and 2021.

Company Description

Dynex Capital, Inc. is an internally managed real estate investment trust, or REIT, which invests in mortgage assets on a leveraged basis. The Company invests in Agency and non-Agency RMBS, CMBS, and CMBS IO. Additional information about Dynex Capital, Inc. is available at www.dynexcapital.com.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to the Company’s operating results presented in accordance with GAAP, this release includes certain non-GAAP financial measures including core net operating income to common shareholders (including per common share), adjusted interest expense, adjusted net interest income and the related metrics adjusted cost of funds and adjusted net interest spread. Because these measures are used in the Company’s internal analysis of financial and operating performance, management believes that they provide greater transparency to our investors of management’s view of our economic performance. Management also believes the presentation of these measures, when analyzed in conjunction with the Company’s GAAP operating results, allows investors to more effectively evaluate and compare the performance of the Company to that of its peers, although the Company’s presentation of its non-GAAP measures may not be comparable to other similarly-titled measures of other companies. Schedules reconciling core net operating income to common shareholders, adjusted interest expense, and adjusted net interest income to GAAP financial measures are provided as a supplement to this release.

Management views core net operating income to common shareholders as an estimate of the Company’s financial performance excluding changes in fair value of its investments and derivatives. In addition to the non-GAAP reconciliation set forth in the supplement to this release, which derives core net operating income to common shareholders from GAAP net income to common shareholders as the nearest GAAP equivalent measure, core net operating income to common shareholders can also be determined by adjusting net interest income to include interest rate swap periodic interest benefit (cost), drop income on TBA dollar roll transactions, general and administrative expenses, and preferred dividends. Management includes drop income, which is included in “gain (loss) on derivatives instruments, net” on the Company’s consolidated statements of comprehensive income, in core net operating income and in adjusted net interest income because TBA dollar roll positions are viewed by management as economically equivalent to holding and financing Agency RMBS using short-term repurchase agreements. Management also includes periodic interest benefit (cost) from its interest rate swaps, which are also included in “gain (loss) on derivatives instruments, net”, in adjusted net interest expense, and in adjusted net interest income because interest rate swaps are used by the Company to economically hedge the impact of changing interest rates on its borrowing costs from repurchase agreements, and including periodic interest benefit (cost) from interest rate swaps is a helpful indicator of the Company’s total cost of financing in addition to GAAP interest expense. However, these non-GAAP measures do not provide a full perspective on our results of operations, and therefore, their usefulness is limited. For example, these non-GAAP measures do not include gains or losses from available-for-sale investments, changes in fair value of and costs of terminating interest rate swaps, as well as realized and unrealized gains or losses from any instrument used by management to economically hedge the impact of changing interest rates on its portfolio and book value per common share, such as Eurodollar futures. As a result, these non-GAAP measures should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, the Company’s GAAP results as reported on its consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

Forward Looking Statements

This release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. The words “believe,” “expect,” “forecast,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “project,” “plan,” “may,” “could,” and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements that are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties, some of which cannot be predicted or quantified. Forward-looking statements in this release may include, without limitation, statements made in Mr. Boston’s quotes and statements regarding the Company’s financial performance in future periods, future interest rates, future market credit spreads, our views on expected characteristics of future investment environments, prepayment rates and investment risks, future investment strategies, our future leverage levels and financing strategies, the use of specific financing and hedging instruments and the future impacts of these strategies, future actions by the Federal Reserve, and the expected performance of our investments. The Company’s actual results and timing of certain events could differ materially from those projected in or contemplated by the forward-looking statements as a result of unforeseen external factors. These factors may include, but are not limited to, the Company’s ability to find suitable investment opportunities; changes in economic conditions; changes in interest rates and interest rate spreads, including the repricing of interest-earning assets and interest-bearing liabilities; the Company’s investment portfolio performance particularly as it relates to cash flow, prepayment rates and credit performance; the impact on markets and asset prices from the Federal Reserve’s balance sheet normalization process through the reduction in its holdings of Agency residential mortgage-backed securities and U.S. Treasuries; actual or anticipated changes in Federal Reserve monetary policy or the monetary policy of other central banks; adverse reactions in U.S. financial markets related to actions of foreign central banks or the economic performance of foreign economies including in particular China, Japan, the European Union, and the United Kingdom; uncertainty concerning the long-term fiscal health and stability of the United States; the cost and availability of financing, including the future availability of financing due to changes to regulation of, and capital requirements imposed upon, financial institutions; the cost and availability of new equity capital; changes in the Company’s use of leverage; changes to the Company’s investment strategy, operating policies, dividend policy or asset allocations; the quality of performance of third-party servicer providers of the Company’s loans and loans underlying securities owned by the Company; the level of defaults by borrowers on loans the Company has securitized or otherwise is invested through its ownership of MBS; changes in the Company’s industry; increased competition; changes in government regulations affecting the Company’s business; changes or volatility in the repurchase agreement financing markets and other credit markets; changes to the market for interest rate swaps and other derivative instruments, including changes to margin requirements on derivative instruments; uncertainty regarding continued government support of the U.S. financial system and U.S. housing and real estate markets or reform of the U.S. housing finance system, including the resolution of the conservatorship of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac; the composition of the Federal Reserve; ownership shifts under Section 382 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended, that further limit the use of the Company’s tax net operating loss carryforward; systems failures or cybersecurity incidents; and exposure to current and future claims and litigation. For additional information on risk factors that could affect the Company’s forward-looking statements, see the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018, and other reports filed with and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission.

All forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by these and other cautionary statements that the Company makes from time to time in its filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission and other public communications. The Company cannot assure the reader that it will realize the results or developments the Company anticipates or, even if substantially realized, that they will result in the consequences or affect the Company or its operations in the way the Company expects. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date made. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances arising after the date on which they were made, except as otherwise required by law. As a result of these risks and uncertainties, readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements included herein or that may be made elsewhere from time to time by, or on behalf of, the Company.

   

DYNEX CAPITAL, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

($ in thousands except per share data)

 

 

June 30, 2019

 

March 31,

2019

 

December 31,

2018

ASSETS

 

(unaudited)

 

(unaudited)

 

 

Mortgage-backed securities

 

$

5,713,788

 

 

$

4,842,447

 

 

$

3,749,464

 

Mortgage loans held for investment, net

 

10,306

 

 

10,862

 

 

11,527

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

49,956

 

 

55,902

 

 

34,598

 

Restricted cash

 

61,394

 

 

86,761

 

 

54,106

 

Derivative assets

 

342

 

 

6,030

 

 

6,563

 

Accrued interest receivable

 

25,292

 

 

26,075

 

 

21,019

 

Other assets, net

 

7,807

 

 

7,056

 

 

8,812

 

Total assets

 

$

5,868,885

 

 

$

5,035,133

 

 

$

3,886,089

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

 

 

 

 

 

Liabilities:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchase agreements

 

$

4,815,452

 

 

$

4,252,893

 

 

$

3,267,984

 

Payable for unsettled securities purchased

 

425,897

 

 

151,075

 

 

58,915

 

Non-recourse collateralized financing

 

3,078

 

 

3,219

 

 

3,458

 

Derivative liabilities

 

207

 

 

 

 

1,218

 

Accrued interest payable

 

15,907

 

 

12,939

 

 

10,308

 

Accrued dividends payable

 

7,164

 

 

6,927

 

 

13,810

 

Other liabilities

 

2,542

 

 

3,406

 

 

3,243

 

Total liabilities

 

5,270,247

 

 

4,430,459

 

 

3,358,936

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shareholders’ equity:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Preferred stock – aggregate liquidation preference of $162,853, $154,202 and $148,865, respectively

 

$

156,071

 

 

$

147,898

 

 

$

142,883

 

Common stock, par value $.01 per share: 24,646,964; 24,082,709; and 20,939,073 shares issued and outstanding, respectively (1)

 

246

 

 

241

 

 

209

 

Additional paid-in capital

 

882,633

 

 

872,491

 

 

818,861

 

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 

161,815

 

 

50,688

 

 

(35,779

)

Accumulated deficit

 

(602,127

)

 

(466,644

)

 

(399,021

)

Total shareholders’ equity

 

598,638

 

 

604,674

 

 

527,153

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

 

$

5,868,885

 

 

$

5,035,133

 

 

$

3,886,089

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Book value per common share (1)

 

$

17.68

 

 

$

18.71

 

 

$

18.07

 

   

Contacts

Alison Griffin

(804) 217-5897

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